It is fascinating to watch robots work! If you are a young and ignited mind, willing to follow a career as a robotics engineer, then you have to develop the capacity to be an expert in your chosen subject. One of the most inter-disciplinary branches in engineering, robotic technology employs engineers and graduates from diverse engineering and science backgrounds.
The job of a robotics engineer encompasses numerous roles and duties. When a team of robotics engineers is working on a draft, each of them is designated specific roles depending on his or her area of expertness. Those having expertise in mechanical engineering are deft in designing the joint mechanisms and motion-related characteristics of the robot, for instance. A dedicated team of electrical engineers work towards assembling control electronics, amplifiers, sensors, wires, transistors, capacitors and amplifiers in the robot. Mathematics graduates, on the other side, apply their knowledge in robot kinematics and computer engineers work on the robot’s computing hardware. The task of computer software engineers is highly crucial in making a robot work as they write programs and codes for effective operation of the robot.
Right from the beginning of the project, robotic engineers are responsible for designing the robots. Using computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) software, they analyze the needs of clients and design robots that respond to their expectations. Most of the robots are either manually controlled or they are controlled by automated control systems. It is amongst one of the most important duties of robotics engineers to design control systems that are effectively able to deal with the robot and make it work.
Widening The Robots Discussion
Robotics engineer also test the robots if they are performing their tasks as per the requirements of the clients. Only after sufficient testing, the robots are kept in the market. Moreover, as a portion of error rectification, robotics engineers correct errors in the operation of the robots. In case of any problems encountered in the operation of the robots, robotics engineer are expected to troubleshoot the problem and eliminate it at the earlier. Customer satisfaction is extremely important for robotics engineers just like in any industry. If they are unable to address the possible expectations of the clients, it is seen as a mark of failure.
Education is the key to make a mark in the robotics field. Studying engineering (mechanical, physics, computer science) or even graduation in physics and mathematics is needed in order to become a robotics engineer. However, as the robotics industry has become highly competitive, a bachelor’s degree in robotics engineering is deemed to be a great option to become a robotics engineer. This does not mean that graduates in other engineering disciplines do not have any scope for growth. Robotics is open to science and engineering graduates provided that they prove their competencies in this field. Bachelor’s degree is great for entry-level robotics engineering position however for advanced jobs, it’s good to gain some work experience and finish the postgraduate or doctoral degree studies. Deep knowledge and great work experience are the two vital parameters to succeed in the robotics engineering field. Candidates must have the craving to learn intricate concepts of computers, sciences, physics (especially hydra electronics, mathematics, and hydraulic and pneumatic systems).
If you get a little research, you will be able to learn that the number of robots deployed all across the world especially in military, surveillance, and manufacturing jobs has increased in the last decade. This is a hint that the range and extent of robotics technology is required to increase as we move forward in the more technology dominated era. The earning potential for entry-level engineers in robotics is between US$30, 000 to US$45, 000. As one advances in this field, salary ranges between US$50, 000 to US$65, 000. Further robotics engineers can advance to managerial positions in robotics manufacturing companies or research organizations once they have sufficient work experience. They can also complete their doctoral degrees and become research engineers in robotics firms or they can become professors in universities and engineering colleges.
Generally, articulated robots are employed in the manufacturing lines. Many researchers are working the betterment of the articulated robots and find their utilization in the field of developing robotic arms and in teaching the robots to walk. Moreover the joints in the articulated robots can also be programmed in a way so that they are able to interact with the other for providing a higher degree of control to the robot system.
GANTRY ROBOTS: For a long range heavy lifting gantry robot’s use is very appreciable. Gantry robot system can be tailored according to the utilization as it is flexible. A manipulator is fitted in the overhead system that permits the horizontal movement of it. They are also referred to as linear robot or Cartesian robot. The very basic use of the linear robot is to pick and place heavy objects from one location to another. However, it has another industrial applications too like for performing welding and drilling job. Their structures are distinct from the other robots. This very useful robot is stationary containing minimum of three moving elements.
SCARA ROBOT: The acronym SCARA stands for selective compliance assembly robot arm. The work envelope provided by the SCARA is circular. Work envelope can be described as the range of the freedom of movement of the robot. The circular envelope provides an added flexibility to it and it can be built in a smaller scale. The four axis motion is the reason behind for its circular motion. It is very much useful in aspect for the industrial applications like in pick and drop, packaging and assembly applications.
Most of the engineering students eying a career in robotics engineering are passionate about their profession. Money and success comes with time and efforts but the love for job is one thing that is always with them, motivating them to do better, with every passing day. If you’re really interested in this field and you are still in your high school, attend many seminars, exhibitions regarding robotics and participate in inter college robotics competition to know if you are really done for a career as a robotics engineer. We wish you all the best for a great career ahead.